If We Live in a Multiverse, Where Are These Worlds Hiding?
By Mindy Weisberger, Live Science Senior Writer June 21, 2017
WASHINGTON — By some estimates, the known universe may contain as many as 2 trillion galaxies, with the average galaxy holding approximately 100 million stars and untold numbers of planets. But could there be multiple copies of the entire universe as we understand it?
The concept of a multiverse — worlds that invisibly coexist alongside us, perhaps representing versions of reality that are near-identical to our own — is a pervasive idea in sci-fi, and one that has intrigued generations of physicists as well as science-fiction creators and fans.
While scientists have yet to find any evidence that multiverses exist, there are a number of hypotheses that use the laws of physics to explore the possibility of multiple universes, sometimes challenging our understanding of reality itself in the process, Erin Macdonald, astrophysicist, engineer and self-proclaimed "massive sci-fi nerd," explained during a panel on Saturday (June 17) at Future Con, a festival that highlighted the intersection between science, technology and science fiction in Washington, D.C. [Top 5 Reasons We May Live in a Multiverse] www.livescience.com/25335-multiple-universes-5-theories.html?_ga=2.34188065.1225081939.1498074936-976881200.1493227687
Our universe exists within the fabric of space-time — 3D space combined with time, to create a 4D continuum, explained Macdonald. But scientists can't say for sure what space-time looks like, which means it might hold countless universes that are invisible to us, she said.
The simplest version of the multiverse concept is the so-called mirror universe, in which a single alternate universe closely parallels ours, but is also its opposite — such as the "Mirror, Mirror" episode of the original "Star Trek" television series, in which a landing party mistakenly beams up to a different version of the Enterprise, occupied by more brutal versions of their familiar crewmates.
Another perspective on the multiverse is the brane universe, which describes our universe as one membrane in a vast, possibly infinite stack of membrane universes, but with no connection or means to communicate between them, Macdonald said.
Man without a Country: Who Was The Mystery Man from "Taured"?
By Ken Summers on 05/20/2014
One of the most perplexing events of the 20th Century did not involve flying saucers, conspiracy theories, a criminal act, or even strange creature sightings. It took place on a seemingly normal day in one of the most tedious, mundane places one could imagine: Airport. Yet to this day, no one knows exactly what happened there, or why one average business traveler became the heart of an enigma largely forgotten by our modern world.
The year 1954 was hotter than normal in Tokyo, but at Haneda Airport it was business as usual. That is, of course, until one unknown date when a routine European inbound plane dropped off its passengers. As the crowd made its way through customs, a neatly-dressed middle-aged Caucasian man stepped up and told officials this was just a normal business trip or him, one of three so far this year to Japan. His primary language was French, yet he spoke Japanese and several other languages. In his wallet was a variety of currencies from various European countries, as if to verify his frequent flyer tendencies.
When they asked him for his country of origin, things became strange. He casually stated that he was from Taured, on the border between France and Spain. The officials told him that Taured didn’t exist, but he presented them with his passport—issued by the nonexistent country of Taured—which also showed visa stamps corroborating his previous business travels to Japan and other countries. Yet when they called the company he said he was having a meeting with, they had never heard of him or his company ever before that moment. The hotel he had reserved a room at had no reservation for such a person, and the bank listed on his checkbook appeared not to exist.
Map of the country of Andorra, believed to be “Taured”.
The bearded man scoffed; surely, this was some elaborate practical joke for his benefit. Customs officials showed him a world map and pointed to the tiny country of Andorra. Perhaps that was his real country of origin and somehow he was either mistaken or having his own little joke? The man became irate, saying that Andorra didn’t exist but it was right where Taured should be. His proud country had existed for a thousand years. Still in shock over his misplaced homeland, the mystery man was detained by customs and given a room at a nearby hotel for the night while officials tried to figure out what was going on.
The following morning, the mystery deepened. Taured’s one and only known resident completely vanished from his hotel room which had been guarded by immigration officials all night long. And to make matters worse, all of his personal documents—including his passport and drivers license issued by the mystery country—vanished from the airport’s security room. Police and airport officials searched in vain for the mysterious man. It was as if the whole encounter had never actually happened.
No documentation verifying this story has yet surfaced, but it was mentioned in several books, including The Directory of Possibilities (1981, p. 86) and Strange But True: Mysterious and Bizarre People (1999, p. 64). And given its puzzling ending, I doubt that any official would have written up a report concluding that the man and all his documented evidence simply vanished.
Could this man and other out-of-place travelers be from another dimension?
Surprisingly, misplaced travelers such as the business man from Taured have appeared on many occasions. In 1851, a man was found wandering Frankfurt an der Oder in northeast Germany who claimed he was from a country called Laxaria on the continent of Sakria. Another young man who spoke a completely unrecognizable language was caught stealing a loaf of bread in Paris in 1905; he said he was from Lizbia, which authorities assumed was Lisbon—or Lisboa in Portuguese, yet his language was not Portuguese nor did he recognize a map of Portugal as his homeland.
Is Taured out there somewhere? And what about Laxaria or Liziba? Did these men fall backward through time or pass through dimensions? Or were they simply perpetrating a hoax or mentally ill?
A couple months ago, someone left an innocuous comment on my post 4 Weird “Clues” that Parallel Universes Exist. The comment was this:
“You need to look up the Berenst#in Bears problem.”
My response at first was probably what yours is now: The what? But after a quick Google search, I realized what this person was talking about. The Berenstein Bears.
Now, if you don’t know about The Berenstein Bears, they were a series of children’s books, and eventually a cartoon, created by Stan and Jan Berenstein. They focused on a family of bears, and did the usual educational children’s book/tv series thing. Simple enough. I remember them, vaguely, and I believe I owned a book or two when I was a kid. It’s been a while.
So what’s the problem?
They’re not The Berenstein Bears. They’ve never been The Berenstein Bears. Despite the fact that many others remember them as The Berenstein Bears, and I myself still pronounce their name as The Berenstein Bears, this is false. This is wrong.
They are The Berenstain Bears.
It was such a strange feeling to find that out. To see Google correcting my spelling, to see the Wikipedia entry titled The Berenstain Bears, to see book covers that seemed at odds with the memories I had in my head. What was going on?
The “problem,” as it were, became clearer when I found this post by someone named Reece (“a graduate student of physics”) at a blog titled the Wood between Worlds (an interesting place, check it out).
Reece’s post is a trip down the rabbit hole for anyone, like myself, who remembers that cartoon family as The Berenstein Bears, not The Berenstain Bears. And with it comes a strange hypothesis.
Did something in our universe change to make this happen? “Somehow, at some time in the last 10 years or so, reality has been tampered with and history has been retroactively changed,” Reece explains, “The bears really were called the ‘BerenstEin Bears’ when we were growing up, but now reality has been altered such that the name of the bears has been changed post hoc.”
Reece’s proposal is essentially that somewhere along the way we shifted into an almost indistinguishable parallel universe. Almost, as there are minor differences, many we probably haven’t realized yet.
“…we moved to the stAin hexadectant, while our counterparts moved to our hexadectant (stEin). They are standing around expressing their confusion about the ‘Berenstein Bears’ and how they all remember “Berenstain Bears” on the covers growing up.”
In a later post, Reece would tackle some of the flaws in the idea. Many people do remember them as The Berenstain Bears, including members of the Berenstain family, of course. But perhaps these individuals are simply native to this Berenstain universe, and notice no difference. Others (perhaps yourself included) don’t remember one way or the other.
Perhaps we all just read it and heard it incorrectly.
Of Bears and Time Travel
Another possibility, however, is that what we’re dealing with isn’t a matter of parallel universes naturally diverging, but rather a meddling time traveler interfering with the past. In fact, at least one individual has made the connection between this curious problem and John Titor, musing that Titor’s travels in our worldline caused a divergence that not only prevented the Y2K Bug, but also changed the spelling of Berenstein Bears.
“…To me, this BerenstEin (which it WAS, and was supposed to have remained) Phenomenon is an Echo of Proof that OUR World-line was Affected by the Time/Dimensional Traveler, John Titor. Maybe he wasn’t in Our Specific World-line in 1975, but whatever he did There (or Then) caused Ours to be Created as a Branch-off from that point.”
Could our false memories, in fact, be alter-vús?
Well, myself, I’m willing to admit that I probably read the name wrong. It’s just one of those things that happens, and as always I ride that line between skepticism and belief.
Or maybe I didn’t, and one of the above theories is true.
Either way, it’s an intriguing outcome of events when so many people remember something a certain way, only to find out that the reality is entirely different. Check the links I shared above, dive down the rabbit hole yourself. There are apparently other inconsistencies. What do you remember?
“My husband was in a rehabilitation center for physical therapy, following triple bypass heart surgery. The rehab was 2 towns away from my house. One night when I was leaving the rehab, I took the longer route home because it was more brightly lit. The shorter route was dark with no street lights, and I didn't like travelling that route after dark. So, I was driving the longer, brightly lit route, when a car in front of me pulled to the side of the road and let me pass by. But strangely, as soon as I passed the car, it immediately pulled out and began following me – closely! - with high beams. Just then, I crossed the border into the next town. There are many stores, restaurants and a hotel in that area so the lights are even brighter there. But suddenly... everything on the road went black, and I heard a sound like an overhead garage door closing. BANG... I found myself driving on a pitch black narrow road with no lights and no car following me. I was not on the same road that I had been travelling. I began talking out loud to myself. “What the hell? Where the hell am I? What the hell has happened?”
It was then that I realized that my headlights were shining on a street sign up ahead. It said Gale Rd. Gale Rd. was the dark, short-cut route that I absolutely did not take when I left the rehab center. I found myself almost all the way back to the rehab, though I had already reached the next town while driving home. Now, I had to repeat the drive. But this time, I had to take the other pitch black route home, the route that I didn't want to drive at night in the first place. My husband always called me when I got home. He knew the trip back home took me about 40 mins. But, I began thinking that this time he was going to wonder what was taking me so long to get home. I never looked at the time, but I assumed that whatever happened to put me almost all the way back where I started, would have added at least a half hour to my trip home... maybe longer.
When I finally got home, the phone rang. It was my husband, and before I told him what had happened, I apologized for taking so long to get home. I asked him how many times he had tried to call me. First, silence on the other end... and then my husband said, "This is my first time calling. It's only been about a half hour; you're not late." It was then that I explained to him what had happened to me. But, in reality, I have no clue what actually happened. A vortex in the road? Did the car that pulled over in front of me, and then proceeded to follow me have something to do with what happened to me? Has anyone else ever experienced anything like this?”
One of the most fundamental questions we as a species have had since the first flickers of consciousness and self-awareness sparked awake and fluttered within our minds is that of what our reality is. What is the nature of our world, our universe, our consciousness? What is our place in this universe and why we are here? What is the nature of our reality? Is it even real at all? These are things that have captivated us and driven us to explore our world, and which have captured the tireless pondering of scientists and philosophers throughout the ages. Yet there are no easy answers, and as we have reached out in our unrelenting journey to understand our world and universe, even with our increasing technology these are profound questions which continue to evade us. In our efforts to try and make sense of reality there have been various ideas, theories, and philosophies that have sprung up in our attempts to comprehend it, and some of these have turned out to be rather surreal indeed. Here are some of the stranger attempts and ideas to try and describe our reality and answer the questions that may haunt us until the end of time.
One very pervasive theory of reality that has taken many different forms throughout the centuries is the core idea that none of that which we see or touch or experience is real in any sense, that we are basically living in a dream of some sort. The concept of this varies quite a lot between different hypotheses and philosophies, but the end result is that we are experiencing a dream reality, and that nothing is what we think it is. One of the earlier ideas pertaining to this is a philosophical concept referred to as “Solipsism,” which in its essence states that nothing in our reality can be absolutely confirmed to exist except our own mind, with the reality of the material world we see all around us and interact with impossible to be verified as real. In this sense, all other minds besides your own and everything you experience externally could very well be a dream or illusion, with the only certainty being that you are you, you are thinking, and indeed the very universe itself may not even exist outside of your own mind. In short, all of reality as you know it and everything and everyone in it, the whole universe, is potentially a projection of your own mind, an elaborate dream which you have created and which only you perceive and experience.
This basic idea was first contemplated by Greek philosopher Gorgias (c. 483–375 BC), who came to the conclusion that any objective knowledge outside of our own personal experience was effectively impossible. He is recorded as having stated “Nothing exists. Even if something exists, nothing can be known about it. Even if something could be known about it, knowledge about it can’t be communicated to others.” This egocentric concept would be picked up on by other philosophers over the century in one variant or another, including Descartes and George Berkeley, and it has become intertwined with many different areas of philosophy and hypotheses on reality. It is of course all a lot more complex than this, but in the interest of simplicity in essence the idea is that our reality cannot be verified independently as being anything other than existing in our own consciousness and perceptions, and therefore we cannot be certain of anything other than the existence of our own mind. In this case, not only is reality not what you think it is, but there is no reality at all outside of yourself.
Of course there have been many arguments against this line of thinking. For instance, if we were creating reality ourselves, then would it not be more likely that we would make one that was more comforting for us, one in which there is no sickness or punishment, or death? Why should these things happen if it is only us? Would it not be in one’s best interest to view these things as the product of an independent world? Also, are we to believe that everything in all of human history and all culture, music, and art as we know it was entirely conjured up by our own mind? In response, proponents of this philosophy argue that our dreams can often be indistinguishable from reality when we are having them. They can be extremely deep, persuasive, realistic, and complex, and are not always good dreams, so could reality not be one giant dream projected by us? Likewise, powerful hallucinogenic drugs can produce visions and experiences that are perceived as very real by the individual undergoing them, yet they are only in that person’s mind, so the argument is that perhaps we are making up an equally realistic reality. In the end, how would we really know the difference?
Related to all of this is a philosophical thought experiment referred to simply as “the brain in the vat.” In this case there is a reality outside of you, but you are not a part of it. The idea is to consider a scenario in which, for whatever reason, you actually exist as merely a brain hovering about in a vat and hooked up to machines that feed you everything you experience through your senses, perfectly simulating the outside world as a real body would. It could be aliens, a mad scientist, or sentient computers doing it, it doesn’t matter, with the point being you do not have a physical body or eyes or ears, and you are closed off from the outside world without your knowledge. The question proposed is this: How would you know that you are nothing more than a disembodied brain floating in a vat of liquid?
If everything you experience through the world is through your five senses and a sophisticated computer is manipulating your brain through your neural pathways to have all of these sensations, then how could you reliably know that nothing as you know it is real? After all, what is “real” other than what you perceive? Your brain would be receiving the same signals and feedback as it normally would if you actually had a body, and so you would have normal conscious experiences, only you would not be in the “real world.” One common argument put forward to illustrate this is:
1. If I know that P, then I know that I am not a brain in a vat 2. I do not know that I am not a brain in a vat 3. Thus, I do not know that P.
In this argument “P” would stand for any belief or claim about the external world or reality as we see it. This thought experiment was most famously used by the popular Matrix series of science fiction films, in which human beings are floating in pods as they live out their lives in an elaborate shared virtual reality created and controlled by our machine overlords. This is related to another idea that not only could we be just hooked up to machines that generate our reality, but that we might actually do this on purpose. This hypothesis supposes that we are actually living in the far future or are even aliens, and that we have jacked in to this system in order to live our life in this time period and experience living in this form through a simulated avatar within an interactive virtual world, after which we wake up into our real bodies in the future or aboard some spaceship when it is over. It has even been suggested that time could pass much more slowly within the simulation, so a full 80-year life could pass from birth to death in the simulation, yet our real bodies will have only been hooked in for a few minutes.
Speaking of computer simulated realities, another theory of reality is that all of us and everything we see is nothing more than a very advanced computer generated reality and that we are all programs living within it, which it is a topic I have covered here before. Called “Simulation Theory,” the idea was first popularized by British philosopher Nick Bostrom, who speculated that considering the astronomical advancement of our computer technology and ability to craft ever more believable simulated worlds, such as in VR or video games, there will come a point when we are able to create realistic digital simulations indistinguishable from reality, along with sophisticated AI to inhabit it. According to Bostrom, there will come a day when we have the technology to create a fully functional digital world, which would then progress to the point when it could feasibly create a simulation of its own within the simulation and so on ad infinitum.
In the modern, scientific age the word ‘imagination’ tends to have a sense of being the inverse of ‘reality’ – a non-substantial ‘escape’ from the real world where wild flights of fantasy take place, with little grounding in the important, real-world particulars of scientific laws and adult responsibilities. But have we got it wrong? Should we understand imagination better as the place where reality actually springs from?
To explain, consider this quote from Terence McKenna:
Humanity, correctly seen in the context of the last five hundred years, is an extruder of technological material. We take in matter that has a low degree of organization; we put it through mental filters, and we extrude jewelry, gospels, space shuttles. This is what we do. We are like coral animals embedded in a technological reef of extruded psychic objects.
As McKenna points out, all of human technology originated firstly in the imagination, before being “extruded” into the physical world. So why are the worlds of the imagination seen as anything other than another form of proto-reality that feeds into the physical world, thus making it perhaps an even more important ‘reality’ than the material world?
These questions appear to also have intrigued one of my favourite authors on esoteric subjects, Gary Lachman, whose new book The Lost Knowledge of the Imagination investigates the history of our connection to the world of the imagination, and how we became disconnected from it in modern times.
Lachman recently gave a talk at Watkins Books in which he outlines some of the topics in the book (embedded below) – it’s a fascinating discussion, and well worth the time to help reconsider what we believe about the imagination.
What is the imagination? Generally we think of it as in some way a substitute for reality, a form of ‘make believe,’ of escaping from the difficult, stubborn everyday world we know so well, into a different, better, more congenial one – that, more often than not, unfortunately exists only inside our head. Or we see imagination as a useful tool in grasping opportunities, producing novel, innovative ways in which some product or activity can get ahead of its competitors and occupy a place on the ‘cutting edge.’
Certainly these notions of imagination are accurate, as far as they go. But what if rather than providing us with an ‘alternate reality,’ the imagination is actually deeply involved in bringing into being the very reality from which it ostensibly wants to escape? What if imagination, rather than being about ‘make believe,’ is actually about ‘make real?’
Where does this knowledge of the imagination leave us today? The author argues that we have entered a time when the idea that imagination has the power to affect reality itself – directly, and not through the medium of culture – seems to have become a topic of interest, while reality itself has become something rather different than what it used to be. Is it possible that the obscurity in which the knowledge of the imagination was kept for so long is now starting to clear, and the true meaning and significance of our imagination is coming to light? We know that with great power comes great responsibility. Will we have the strength and purpose to meet this challenge? Let’s imagine.
Today's Top Science Headline --Stephen Hawking's Stunning Multiverse Theory Completed Two Weeks Before he Died (WATCH Video)
March 19, 2018
“These ideas offer the breathtaking prospect of finding evidence for the existence of other universes,” said Carlos Frenk, professor of cosmology at Durham University in The Sunday Times: The intriguing idea in Hawking’s paper is that [the multiverse] left its imprint on the background radiation permeating our universe and we could measure it with a detector on a spaceship.
This final theory explaining how mankind might detect parallel universes was completed by Stephen Hawking shortly before he died, reports The Telegraph. Colleagues have revealed the renowned theoretical physicist’s final academic work was to set out the groundbreaking mathematics needed for a spacecraft to find traces of multiple big bangs.
Currently being reviewed by a leading scientific journal, the paper, named A Smooth Exit from Eternal Inflation, may turn out to be Hawking’s most important scientific legacy. Fellow researchers have said that if the evidence which the new theory promises had been discovered before Hawking died last week, it may have secured the Nobel Prize which had eluded him for so long.
The new paper seeks to resolve an issue thrown up by Hawking’s 1983 “no-boundary” theory which described how the universe burst into existence with the big bang. According to that account, the universe instantaneously expanded from a tiny point into a prototype of what we live in today, a process known as inflation.
But the theory also predicted an infinite number of big bangs, each creating their own universe, a “multiverse”, which presented a mathematical paradox because it is seemingly impossible to measure.
Kat Lay, Health Correspondent, The Times March 19 2018
The pop star Prince left a vault of unreleased music when he died, JRR Tolkien left unfinished manuscripts and Vincent van Gogh left hundreds of paintings whose brilliance went unrecognised during his lifetime.
It seems that Stephen Hawking, the physicist who died at the age of 76 last week, has also left behind unpublished work in his field, which experts say may help to detect other universes.
News of his final paper came as it emerged that Westminster Abbey has offered to hold a memorial service for the scientist.
Thomas Hertog, professor of theoretical physics at KU Leuven university in Belgium, said that a paper he co-wrote with Professor Hawking was being reviewed by a journal.
In 1983 Professor Hawking published a paper describing how the Big Bang, an existing theory, may have brought the universe into existence. His theory predicted that the Big Bang was accompanied by an infinite number of other big bangs, each followed by a separate universe.
HIS NEW PAPER IS SAID TO SET OUT A METHOD BY WHICH, IN THEORY, THE EXISTENCE OF SUCH OTHER UNIVERSES, WHICH HE COLLECTIVELY CALLED THE MULTIVERSE, MIGHT BE DEMONSTRATED. PROFESSOR HERTOG, WHO HAD A FINAL MEETING WITH HAWKING A FORTNIGHT AGO FOR HIS APPROVAL OF THE PAPER, "A SMOOTH EXIT FROM ETERNAL INFLATION", SAID: “THIS WAS STEPHEN: TO BOLDLY GO WHERE STAR TREK FEARS TO TRED.”
The theory also predicts that our universe will one day fade to blackness as all its stars run out of energy.
Carlos Frenk, a professor of cosmology at Durham University, told The Sunday Times: “The intriguing idea in Hawking’s paper is that [the multiverse] left its imprint on the background radiation permeating our universe and we could measure it with a detector on a spaceship."
“These ideas offer the breathtaking prospect of finding evidence for the existence of other universes. This would profoundly change our perception of our place in the cosmos.”
After news of his death broke, geneticists said that the inclusion of the professor’s DNA in a database of people with motor neurone disease (MND) might help to develop new drugs to combat the condition, offering a potential further legacy. He was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a form of motor neurone disease, MND in 1963 at the age of 21 and given two years to live. His lifespan made him an “extreme outlier” among those with the disease, experts said.
Hawking’s funeral will be held in Cambridge this month and 500 people are expected to attend. Those invited are said to range from other scientists, such as Sir Tim Berners-Lee, who created the worldwide web, and bob Cox, to the Hollywood stars Eddie Redmayne and Felicity Jones, who played the professor and his first wife Jane in a 2014 film.
Scientists Say That Some Of Our Dreams Are Glimpses Of Parallel Universes
March 13, 2018
In this world there could be a copy of yourself making different decisions and seeing places that somehow later manifest themselves in your dreams.
For thousands of years people have wondered about the meaning of dreams. Why do some people dream about future events? Why are some dreams full of hidden meaning?
Can some of our dreams be glimpses of events taking place in an alternate reality, a parallel Universe?
Our ancestors were as curious about dreams as modern scientists are today. Ancient Greeks and Romans believed dreams provided messages from the gods. In ancient China people treated dreams as a way to visit the world of dead. Ancient Egyptians were convinced that those who could interpret dream possessed special powers.
Many Native American tribes and Mexican civilizations believed dreams were a different world we visit when we sleep.
The word “dream” comes from an old word in English that means “joy” and “music.”
Today we know that dreams are often expressions of thoughts, feelings and events that pass through our mind while we are sleeping.
Dreams can be in color and include all the senses – smells, sounds, sights, tastes and things we touch. We know more about the science of dreaming because researchers can take pictures of people’s brains while they are sleeping.
Over the years scientists have learned a lot about dreams, but there are still many things that remain unknown. Further Reading The Hidden Reality: Parallel Universes and the Deep Laws of the Cosmos
We will elaborate more on the subject and raise the idea that some of our most mysterious and special dreams could be glimpses from invisible parallel worlds that exist next to our own reality.
For almost a hundred years science has been haunted by a dark secret: that there might be mysterious hidden worlds beyond our human senses.
Mystics had long claimed there were such places. They were, they said, full of ghosts and spirits. The last thing science wanted was to be associated with such s uperstition, but ever since the 1920s physicists have been trying to make sense of an uncomfortable discovery. When they tried to pinpoint the exact location of atomic particles like electrons they found it was utterly impossible. They had no single location and this is one of the reasons why scientists are becoming more and more interested in the possible existence of parallel worlds.
The only explanation which anyone could come up with is that the particles don’t just exist in our Universe. They flit into existence in other universes, too and there are an infinite number of these parallel universes, all of them slightly different.
In effect, there’s a parallel universe in which Napoleon won the Battle of Waterloo. In another the British Empire held on to its American colony.
In one you were never born.
The multiverse is a theory, in which our universe is not the only one, but states that many universes exist parallel to each other. These distinct universes within the multiverse theory are called parallel universes.
Of course, the multiverse theory is just a theory. The existence of parallel Universes has not been proven and the subject is widely debated among physicists.
“By this very definition of “universe,” one might expect the notion of a multiverse to be forever in the domain of meta- physics.
Yet the borderline between physics and metaphysics is defined by whether a theory is experimentally testable, not by whether it is weird or involves unobservable entities. The frontiers of physics have gradually expanded to incorporate ever more abstract (and once metaphysical) concepts such as a round Earth, invisible electromagnetic fields, time slowdown at high speeds, quantum superpositions, curved space, and black holes. Over the past several years the concept of a multiverse has joined this list,” said Max Tegmark, Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
“The fundamental problem of cosmology is that the laws of physics as we know them break down at the instant of the Big Bang. Well some people say what’s wrong with that, what’s wrong with having the laws of physics collapse? Well for a physicist this is a disaster. All our lives we’ve dedicated to the proposition that the Universe obeys knowable laws, laws that can be written down in the language of mathematics and here we have the centrepiece of the Universe itself, a missing piece beyond physical law,” Dr. Michio Kaku says.
In a parallel world there could be a copy of yourself. The life of this person has been identical to yours in every respect. Still, there are certain things you and your copy might do different. Perhaps he or she now decides to put down this article without finishing it, while you read on. Your timelines are similar but not identical because you co-exist in alternate worlds.
People often have a recurring dream about a place they never visited, or even heard of. Perhaps such dreams are glimpses from what one experienced in a parallel Universe.
Sometimes people dream about events that have not yet happen but will take place in the future. Such dreams could also be incoming images from an alternate world where you are living a different life.
Who knows, perhaps some of our most special dreams are a window into a parallel universe. This is of course pure speculation, but without speculation and scientific curiosity we will never be able to learn more about the secrets of the Universe and our reality.
We can express is as Professor Tegmark once said. “When we ask a profound question about the nature of reality, do we not expect an answer that sounds strange? Evolution provided us with intuition for the everyday physics that had survival value for our distant ancestors, so whenever we venture beyond the everyday world, we should expect it to seem bizarre.”
I remember the incident when it occurred, but it is rarely reported or mentioned as a part of ufology:
Occurred : 9/15/1995 22:00 Reported: 9/19/1995 07:26 Posted: 11/2/1999 Location: New York City, NY Duration:18 min.
Caller reported the following:
The caller reported that at 2208 hrs. (eastern), she was riding the Staten Island Ferry from the tip of Manhattan to Staten Island. Just as the ferry was passing Governor's Island, she became aware of a commotion on the east side of the ferry boat. People were rushing to that side of the ferry, shouting, pointing, and generally raising a ruckus.
She decided to try to determine was the cause of the disturbance, and walked outside onto the passenger deck. What she saw shocked her. The object was huge, and it obscured the passengers' view of Governor's Island. Many of them reported that the object looked like a city, with lights and a skyline. However, its presence apparently roiled the water beneath it, causing a froth to appear on the water's surface!!
For days afterward, the witness handed out leaflets at the ferry terminal, hoping to contact other passengers who had seen the object. Those same people approached 9-1-1 facilities, requesting copies of the tape recorded reports of the object, which was also seen from Governor's Island, but the tapes were either missing, or not made available, they were told.
A video tape about the incident was prepared, a copy of which is in the possession of NUFORC.
This incident apparently was VERY dramatic, and it was witnessed by dozens, or perhaps hundreds, of people. - NUFORC
NOTE: A senior medical care executive called to discuss events re 09/15/95 sighting in NYC harbor. Many other responsible witnesses found...according to NUFORC
In the F.Y.I. section of the New York Times, dated October 24, 1999, the following information was published in reference to to a reader question "Have there been any major U.F.O. sightings around New York City in recent years?":
According to Mr. (Peter) Davenport (NUFORC), the first occurred aboard the Staten Island Ferry on Sept. 15, just after 10 P.M. As the ferry passed Governors Island, he said, people began rushing to the port side, entranced by an object to the left, between the ferry and the island. amy Mok, a Wall Street proxy manager, said she was aboard the ferry that night, and saw a blazing white light shining through the window. ''At first I thought we were passing too close to a big ocean liner, so I went outside to see,'' she said. ''I look up and there's a city floating on the sea. There is no movement of water. The city was laid out in blocks, and had buildings at one end, lit up. But no one was there. There was something insubstantial about it. It appeared to be more of a...whirling shape.''
Ms. Mok said 75 to 100 others watched the ethereal floating city from the upper deck, but only a handful of fellow passengers were willing to corroborate her account later. "Within 24 hours, doors started slamming in my face," she said.
NOTE: I remember at the time, that a tight lid was placed on any information being provided by official sources...which includes local, state and federal authorities. According to my information, through submitted reports to me or any other reporting agency, there have been approximately 20 reported sightings of UFOs from the vantage point of the Staten Island Ferry since 1975. The 9/15/1995 event was the most dramatic, IMO. Lon
Aliens May Well Exist in a Parallel Universe, New Studies Find
By Brandon Specktor, Senior Writer / May 14, 2018
Could alien life exist in a parallel universe? Computer simulations from two new studies suggest the idea might not be out of this world. Credit: Shutterstock
Should the search for alien life in our universe come up empty-handed, it might be worth checking in on a neighboring universe instead.
According to a new pair of studies in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, there’s a decent chance that life-fostering planets could exist in a parallel universe — even if that universe were being torn apart by dark energy.
The idea that our universe is just one of many, perhaps infinite, other universes is known as the multiverse theory. Scientists have previously thought that such parallel universes, if they exist, would have to meet an extremely strict set of criteria to allow for the formation of stars, galaxies and life-fostering planets like those seen in our own universe. [5 Reasons We May Live in a Multiverse]
In the new study, researchers ran a massive computer simulation to build new universes under various starting conditions. They found that the conditions for life might be a little broader than previously thought — especially when it comes to the mysterious pull of dark energy. Dark energy
Dark energy is a mysterious, invisible force thought to exist in the empty spaces of our universe. You could think about it as the archnemesis of gravity; while gravity pulls matter closer together, dark energy flings it apart — and dark energy is winning this cosmic tug-of-war handily.
Not only is our universe expanding, thanks to the constant, invisible push of dark energy, but the rate of that expansion is also getting faster and faster every day. It's thought that, as more empty space appears in the universe, even more dark energy appears to fill it. (Dark energy is not the same as dark matter, which is an abundant, invisible form of matter thought to be responsible for some very weird gravitational phenomena around space.)
Scientists don't know exactly what dark energy is or how it works; some think it's an intrinsic property of space — what Einstein called the cosmological constant — while others attribute it to a fundamental force called quintessence, with dynamic rules all its own. Others don't even agree that it exists. But whatever it is, everyone can agree that there's a whole lot of it: According to the best current estimates, nearly 70 percent of the mass-energy of our universe may be made of dark energy.
This quantity, for whatever reason, is in the right range to allow galaxies to grow and foster life. It is thought that if we lived in a universe with too much dark energy, space might expand faster than galaxies could possibly form. Too little dark energy, and runaway gravity could cause every galaxy to collapse in on itself before life ever had a chance to appear.
But the question of how much dark energy is "too much" or "too little" is a topic for debate — and it's this issue of quantity that the authors of the new studies hoped to narrow down. Life finds a way
Across several experiments, an international team of researchers from England, Australia and the Netherlands used a program called Evolution and Assembly of Galaxies and their Environmentsto simulate the birth, life and eventual death of various hypothetical universes. In each simulation, the researchers adjusted the amount of dark energy present in that universe, ranging from none to several hundred times the amount in our own universe.
The good news: Even in universes with 300 times as much dark energy as ours, life found a way.
"Our simulations showed that the accelerated expansion driven by dark energy has hardly any impact on the birth of stars, and hence places for life to arise," study co-author Pascal Elahi, a research fellow at the University of Western Australia, said in a statement. "Even increasing dark energy many hundreds of times might not be enough to make a dead universe."
That's good news for fans of extraterrestrial life and the multiverse theory. But a bigger question remains: If galaxies could still thrive on so much dark energy, why did our universe get handed such a seemingly small amount?
"I think we should be looking for a new law of physics to explain this strange property of our Universe," co-author Richard Bower, a professor at Durham University's Institute for Computational Cosmology, said in the statement.
Of course, finding new laws of physics is easier said than done. Scientists won't give up easily — but perhaps, to hedge their bets, they should also look for a parallel universe where some intelligent life has already done it for them.
One of the biggest stories in UFO research over the last year has been the revelation that the Pentagon has recently been funding recent research in anomalous aerial phenomena to the tune of $22 million a year. Claims of government involvement in UFO research are nothing new in ufology circles, but the scope of the publicly-acknowledged program and the accompanying allegedly declassified videos of military vehicles tracking strange, incredibly agile objects in the sky were enough to make some skeptics wonder if indeed the government might know a lot more about unidentified aerial phenomena than they let on.
The U.S. government’s interest might not just stop at aerial phenomena, however. A new trove of documents obtained by KLAS-TV in Las Vegas seem to reveal that the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) has conducted extensive research in fringe science, touching upon phenomena usually only discussed in paranormal circles. The report, titled “Warp Drive, Dark Energy, and the Manipulation of Extra Dimensions,” seems to indicate that the defense industry might indeed have a keen interest in the higher mysterious of our physical reality itself. Does their interest stop at theoretical research, or could the U.S. military actually be manipulating the fabric of space time?
Probably not yet, especially given recent tests of the supposed EM Drive warp engine. The report does seem to suggest that the DIA’s interest in these topics all center around the explore reach far corners of interstellar space:
The idea that а sufficiently advanced technology may interact with, and acquire direct control over, the higher dimensions is а tantalizing possibility, and one that is most certainly worthy of deeper iпvestigation. Control of this higher dimeпsional space may bе а source of technological control оvег the dark energy density and could ultimately play а role in the development of exotic pгopulsion technologies; specifically, а warp drive.
Exactly why the DIA is interested in space travel is unknown. The report ultimately doesn’t reveal any black budget secret research projects into space-time-bending technologies, but does suggest that the military-industrial complex is tantalized by several current developments in quantum physics:
Of course, this may not bе actualized until many years in the future, but consider the many spectacular physical phenomena that are believed to bе true at this early point in the 21st century. One also believes that the universe may not consist of the three spatial dimension of length, breadth, width, and one of time, but that, in fact, there mау bе as many as seven additional compactified dimensions assuming the topology of а Calabi-Yau manifold, апd that the fundamental building blocks of the universe are, in fact, extended string-like entities.
In science fiction, it’s often the military who accidentally opens a dimensional rift in an attempt to travel to a far away star system, allowing untold horrors to pour through into our plane. Does this report such an incident might be in our near future? While it might sound fantastic, the report concludes with the sentiment that “it seems entirely possible that the creative minds of the future may indeed find ways to accomplish what, to us, may seem like magic.” Make your peace with the Great Old Ones now before it’s too late. Ph’nglui mglw’nafh Cthulhu R’lyeh wgah’nagl fhtagn.
More about the mind-boggling new studies suggesting that there could be many parallel universes beyond our own, where life is able to flourish.
Is our universe just one of many?
When it comes to searching for life elsewhere in the universe, we think of the rovers on Mars, or of sending probes to Jupiter’s moon Europa or Saturn’s moon Enceladus. Or we think of looking for habitable exoplanets or exomoons. The universe we’re in feels infinite with possibilities, but – in contemplating alien life – could we go beyond even our own universe? Writing at NBC News Mach on May 28, 2018, Seth Shostak of the SETI Institute in Mountain View, California, ponders this very theoretical, yet exciting idea of the possibility of life in parallel universes.
Shostak’s article is based on two related papers, published in May, in the peer-reviewed journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. He focuses on explanations related to a hypothetical substance in our universe known as dark energy. The effect of dark energy appears to be a faster expansion of our universe over time.
The idea of parallel universes isn’t new. You find it in many fields of thought. But, in the physics community, the debate about this concept – which is sometimes called the multiverse hypothesis – has heated up in recent years. As Shostak explained in his Mach article:
"The idea that other universes might exist arises from the realization that the Big Bang might not have been a unique event but a common one. How common? Stanford University physicists Andrei Linde and Vitaly Vanchurin have estimated that the number of unique parallel universes – ones that are independent of the cosmos you know and adore – could be written as a one followed by 10 thousand trillion zeroes. That’s not a number that has a name, and certainly not one you will ever encounter in the real world. I figure it would require 10 billion notebooks just to write this number down.
So, to paraphrase Jodie Foster’s character in the movie Contact, if our cosmos is the only one with life, then that’s an awful waste of universes."
How does dark energy relate to these possible parallel universes?
In their previous studies, physicists have concluded that our universe might have less dark energy than other universes, if those universes do exist. Parallel universes might have so much dark energy that stars and planets cannot form. In other words, in most universes, it might be the case that more dark energy leads to even faster expansion of the universe, preventing star- and planet-formation, making life unlikely.
The new studies, from scientists in the U.K., Australia and Holland, suggests dark energy doesn’t play a such a crucial role in whether parallel universes can support life, or not. As Shostak said:
"Using computer models, the research team found they could vary the strength of dark energy from zero to several hundred times its value in our universe, and everything remained copacetic. Dark energy didn’t need to be any particular strength for galaxies and stars to form."
From the vantage point of life in other universes, that might be good news.
There are still other factors to consider however, such as differences in nuclear or gravitational forces. Some other universes may still be completely sterile, unlike ours which has formed in ways that are ideal for life to exist. Shostak explained:
"[Our universe’s] physical properties are remarkably suitable for the existence of life. If the forces that hold atoms together were even a bit different, the atomic reactions that power the stars wouldn’t work, and our cosmos would consist of nothing but hydrogen. Tweak those constants another way, and stars would burn themselves out so quickly that there would have been no time for the evolution of microbes, dinosaurs, or you. If the strength of gravity were just slightly altered, our universe would have either expanded too rapidly after the Big Bang for stars and galaxies to form – or would have collapsed in a Big Crunch."
It was also thought that dark matter was essential for galaxies to form, but, recently, the 10-billion-year-old galaxy NGC 1052-DF2, 65 million light-years away in the constellation Cetus, contains 400 times less dark matter than had been expected. That finding was published on March 28, 2018 in the peer-reviewed journal Nature. As Pieter van Dokkum at Yale University commented:
"You don’t expect a galaxy to have no dark matter because dark matter is not something a galaxy can just opt out of."
All of this is conjecture, informed by the tools of modern physics and by high-powered computer modeling. It is speculative, but interesting food for thought. Parallel universes, dark energy and dark matter are the kinds of subjects which have long been relegated to science fiction, but today’s science is shedding new light on just how incredible the cosmos really is.
Thus, while we’re still searching for evidence of alien life in our own universe, the possibility of an almost infinite number of such universes – some inhabited – is truly mind-blowing.
Bottom line: As discussed previously at EarthSky, new research has suggested that the Big Bang may have been only one of countless others, that parallel universes might exist, but that life might not be possible in those other universes. Writing at NBC News Mach, Seth Shostak of the SETI Institute provides some insights on new studies, suggesting that might not be so.
Sources: The impact of dark energy on galaxy formation. What does the future of our Universe hold?
Galaxy Formation Efficiency and the Multiverse Explanation of the Cosmological Constant with EAGLE Simulations
A video has surfaced on YouTube purporting to show a “glimpse of a celestial kingdom.” The video, posted to YouTube by conspiracy drivel channel The Hidden Underbelly 2.0, shows a group of Chinese tourists aboard a ferry or boat as a classic floating city in the sky seems to rise out of dense fog (probably more like smog). Some of the witnesses cry out “What is that?” as the entire boat pulls out their phones to capture the apparition.
The video is breathtaking at first. Several large spires seem to rise out of the fog, including one which looks almost like a massive statue or figure of an angel or similarly winged humanoid. Comments on YouTube of course broke down into cries of religious affirmation over what they see as the Devil playing tricks to deceive humankind, allegations of “FAKE NEWS!”, while many users seem to believe this an example of some new type of holographic projection technology similar to the long-rumored but never confirmed Project Blue Beam.
As with all YouTube videos of supposedly paranormal events, the clip is less than a minute and shaky so it’s hard to make too much of it. From what can be seen, the incident appears to be yet another example of a “Fata Morgana,” a particular type of seemingly floating mirage caused by thermal inversions which can bend rays of light as they pass through air layers of different temperatures.
For some reason – namely insanely large amounts of hot smog – China is often the site of these “floating city” apparitions. Several were caught on camera just last year, while one in 2016 brought up talk of parallel universes. UFO sightings are often attributed to Fata Morgana, while the classic legend of the Flying Dutchman ghost ship is believed to have been caused by these types of mirages.
It makes you wonder: how many wondrous or mysterious sightings throughout history can be attributed to Fata Morgana or similar phenomena? Could the entire UFO phenomenon be caused by an undiscovered type of optical mirage?
Let’s hope not. I want to hitch a ride off of this doomed rock as soon as I can, probes and all. Do your worst, you big-eyed weirdos, just get me out of here.
Where does this knowledge of the imagination leave us today? The author argues that we have entered a time when the idea that imagination has the power to affect reality itself – directly, and not through the medium of culture – seems to have become a topic of interest, while reality itself has become something rather different than what it used to be. Is it possible that the obscurity in which the knowledge of the imagination was kept for so long is now starting to clear, and the true meaning and significance of our imagination is coming to light?
when the idea that imagination has the power to affect reality itself – directly, and not through the medium of culture – seems to have become a topic of interest, while reality itself has become something rather different than what it used to be.
I've read from different sources lately..that our thoughts can create. What we believe in very strongly can materialize. I know..if you mope and feel sick you will be...that's a fact. When my husband decided to give up...he just did. And if I fight any illness I'll recoup faster. So this bears looking into methinks
casper: Skywalker just fixed it. You know what that means. It's doomed.
Apr 29, 2018 19:36:53 GMT -6
skywalker: Very funny, ghost boy
Jun 3, 2018 14:58:58 GMT -6
lois: Casper he should come fix mine. Mine is doomed
Jun 26, 2018 21:54:27 GMT -6
spotless38: Iam back after a long break . What a couple of years I had . After what had happened I lost my brother and had to bury him and then I had caught that type A flue and I was a very sick puppy I also needed blood for the loss of it .
Jul 7, 2018 13:30:41 GMT -6
lois: Very Happy to see you Ron. Missed you. Glad you are doing better now. Sorry for your lost. I did not know your brother had passed. hugs lois
Jul 10, 2018 0:52:45 GMT -6
paulette: Ron - hope you've hit a quiet spot. Sorry for your loss.
Aug 3, 2018 10:49:30 GMT -6
lois: I picked up my phone a few days ago and I looked at the name of the caller. Boy was I surprise. It has been a couple of years. So good to hear your voice Ron. Hope you make it a habit again. love and hugs .
Aug 15, 2018 23:21:38 GMT -6
leia77: Spotless, I am glad that you are feeling better and welcome back! I too am back from a long time away...
Aug 31, 2018 2:08:32 GMT -6
jcurio: I am much relieved to see that you have been on here, Spotless! I hope that things are going much better for you now
Sept 19, 2018 16:46:42 GMT -6
jcurio: And Lois, And Lorelei!
Sept 19, 2018 16:47:07 GMT -6
casper: And Meeeeeee!!
Oct 16, 2018 18:41:31 GMT -6
lois: Sorry guys I cannot see the print. On is tiny hand computer
Oct 21, 2018 20:42:09 GMT -6
lois: Casper your page stops at page five in 2016
Nov 15, 2018 23:54:01 GMT -6
lois: How did your Halloween night go this year?
Nov 15, 2018 23:54:58 GMT -6
skywalker: He posted on the Halloween thread this year.
Nov 25, 2018 18:33:36 GMT -6
lois: Oh ok Sky I will check it out. Thanks.
Dec 21, 2018 21:45:31 GMT -6
lois: What topic was it under.
Dec 21, 2018 21:51:07 GMT -6